Cuba, the only socialist republic in the Western Hemisphere, is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south. The island is located 150 km south of Florida.
Prime Minister Fidel Castro has carried out extensive political and economic reforms over the past 11 years, the results of which were presented through exhibitions, photos and films at the Cuban pavilion.
After the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista was overthrown by the revolutionary movement led by Fidel Castro, a new government was created to carry out a series of reforms, including agrarian reforms and measures to nationalise industry.
Trade and commerce, as well as finance, were nationalised, and a new foreign policy was implemented. In recent years, Prime Minister Castro has pushed forward with a number of economic and social development programmes, and has made significant progress in efforts to modernise and diversify agriculture, increase mass education and develop the industrial sector.
In the Cuban pavilion, which was located in the northwestern sector of the exhibition centre, exhibits illustrated Cuba before, during and after the revolution with photographs, models and films. Also on display were Cuba's achievements under the leadership of Fidel Castro, his former comrade-in-arms, Che Guevara and the guerrillas who took part in the revolutionary movement that led to the overthrow of the Batista regime.
Latin music could be heard in the pavilion where Cuban specialities such as rum, tobacco and various other products were displayed and sold.
The Cuban pavilion was designed by Professor Sergio Ferro and 15 students from the School of Architecture, University of Havana.