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Iran - Expo Osaka 1970

Iran at the Exhibition Expo Osaka 1970
© Expo'70

Iran, also known as Persia, covers 628,000 square miles of the Middle East. Turkey and Iraq are to the west, the USSR and the Caspian Sea to the north, the Gulf of Pakistan to the south. The population is over 26 million, 3 million of whom live in the capital, Tehran.

The history of Iran as one of the oldest civilizations is a mixture of myths, legends and facts, from the legendary exploits of Bahram the hunter to the Achaemnia dynasty. Iran was once famous as a key link in the Silk Road connecting east and west. Many excellent examples of art and craftsmanship have been handed down as evidence of its glorious past.

Indo-European tribes were the first settlers to come to this country. They called themselves Aryans and the name Iran is derived from the land of the Aryans, but the West called this country Persia.

Amongst the abundance of natural resources, oil is the country's main export, with a turnover of over $900 million. Most of these revenues are invested in seven-year development programmes.

H.I.M Reza Shah the Great, who founded the Pahlavian dynasty, sensed the enormous potential of the nation and its people, and set it on the path to full development and prosperity. His son, H.I.M Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, Arya Mehr Shahanshah, in a remarkably short period of time, realized his father's dreams and goals, and transformed the country from a feudal productive state into a modern leading nation. Iran continues the rapid development of the country and has achieved progress in three decades that others have achieved in a century or more. And Iran today presents one of the best potential sites for manufacturing enterprise in Asia.

Iran shares the RCD pavilion with its two friendly countries, Turkey and Pakistan.