With a population of 60 million, Nigeria is the largest country in Africa. It is located on the west coast and became independent on 1 October 1960.
Nigeria lives mainly from agriculture, with 80% of the working population in farming, fishing, forestry, etc. Key products are groundnuts, of which it is the world's largest producer; cocoa (second largest producer); palm oil, used in margarine and soap; plam kernel, used in animal feed; timber (about 40 varieties are now exported), and cotton. Manufacturing industries are however established and a steel complex was under consideration.
The main mineral resources currently exploited are oil, gas, coal, cassiterite (containing 80% tin) and columbite. There is also lead, zinc, bauxite and iron ore.
Trade with Japan is well established, with Nigeria importing manufactured goods and machinery and exporting groundnuts, cocoa, cottonseed and timber. At the time, low sulphur oil is likely to be Nigeria's most important export to Japan in the near future.
Nigeria is the country with 12 federal states. The three eastern states attempted to secede in May 1967, as "Biafra". A civil war ensued, which ended in January 1970 with the leaders of the small secessionist region proclaiming loyalty to Nigeria and declaring: "The Republic of Biafra no longer exists".
Because of its cultural and linguistic diversity, Nigeria is rich with a variety of folklore, dance and art. But fortunately, this rich cultural background does not hinder progress, but rather reinforces it with the self-respect and self-confidence that are so necessary for development. As the theme of the pavilion proclaimed: "Nigeria looks to the future".