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Agricultural machinery and implements -

Missing picture

Entering from the north, one sees samples of French wool of all kinds, including that of the imperial sheepfold at Rambouillet; then wheat of all kinds, including some samples of English and Australian wheat grown near Valenciennes. Turning left, one finds various agricultural products, among which tobacco and a very interesting collection of beehives. Further on, in the passage to the right of the entrance, there are samples of flax, hemp, wheat, etc., as well as a collection of fruits from Provence. Continuing, we find a very curious sample of the drainage work of M. de Bryas, and soon we find ourselves in the midst of a crowd of ploughs, machines for sowing and harvesting wheat, some of which are driven by steam. We also see millstones, churns, and all the utensils used on farms. We also see some devices for protecting vines against disease by using sulphur.

Here are the most remarkable agricultural implements: the wheat threshing machine of Mr. Dupetit-Delarue, engineer in Amiens; that of Mr. Bordier, in Blanzac, (Charente); another one-horse machine, of Mr. Ruot, of Chatillon-sur-Seine. M. Legendre, from Saint-Jean-d'Angély (Charente-Intérieure) exhibits a machine with a hand to dehusk the grains, of which only the gear wheel is of wrought iron, while all the rest is of cast iron. It has the strength of two men, and crushes 15 hectolitres of grain per day. A similar machine, with the strength of two horses, would do 40 hectolitres a day. A winnowing machine, next to it, winnows 80 hectolitres a day. Mr. Lolz, from Nantes, exhibited wheat threshing machines driven by steam, which threshed from 60 to 250 hectolitres per day, and others driven by a merry-go-round, which could thresh 50 to 120 hectolitres per day.
Mr. Renaud and Mr. Lotz exhibited steam-powered wheat-threshing machines, with a force of 4 horses, which make 100-300 hectolitres in 12 hours, and other machines with a merry-go-round, capable of making 80-120 hectolitres in the same space of time. - As for the mowing machines, there are not many of them: we have only noticed those of M. Courniers, of Saint-Romans (Isère), and that of M. de Gasparin. M.Roret, from Langres, also sent a mowing and harvesting machine. M. Laurent from Paris exhibited two machines for making drainage pipes, and M. Julienne a machine for making bricks. The portable presses of Mr. Coutiller de la Celette (Loire-et-Cher), of Mr. Lemonnier-Jully, of Chatillon (Côte-d'Or), and of Mr. Petit-Delorme, of Amiens, will also be looked at with interest. Messrs. Vachon et Cie of Lyon exhibit a machine that simultaneously threshes and cleans wheat, and Mr. Mourat has a large machine for cleaning wheat, and drilled and cut copper and zinc sheets, Messrs. Jevot, of Amiens, show a horizontal and a vertical machine for sifting and cleaning wheat, etc.

Belgium is represented in this collection by a steam machine for threshing wheat, which has the boiler on the outside, by Mr. Hocherau, of Haine-Saint-Pierre; by a harrow by Mr. Dufour, of Neufrilles, in Hainaut; by a sowing machine by Baron Cherret, by a real Norwegian harrow by Mr. Hocherau, and by the elegant churns of Messrs. Duchêne and Denis, of Namur.

A large number of ploughs and other agricultural equipment are placed in the garden.

Let us return to the large south door of the Palace, to visit the shed and the garden on the east side, on our left, before going through the Panorama. This shed is a sort of supplement to the coach house; for we find, on entering, a military ambulance van, which contains two stretcher beds for transporting the sick. Many of these canopies are used by our brave army in the Crimea. Behind it, we see two horses, loaded with caissons, containing canteens of surgeons and pharmacists. It is the Minister of War who is exhibiting these objects. Other parts of military crews follow, and at the end, we see wagons and models of railway wagons, among others a new braking system, in practice on the Northern Railway, first and second class canopies of the Geneva Railway, etc. On the sides are placed the objects of travel, namely trunks, desks, chairs, beds, packing objects, etc. The space separated by a wooden grid in this shed is intended for an exhibition of objects which their cheapness and good quality make particularly useful for simple domestic life. At the time of writing, this curious exhibition, created by Prince Napoleon, is being arranged.

In the garden are various objects used as garden ornaments and others, for example, optical instruments by Mr. Porro, etc. At the back of the garden are two houses, of which the one on the left is the model canteen; on the right, the model house which contains specimens of housing or exhibited by Mr. Clarse of London.

©Promenades dans l'exposition de 1855