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Canada - Expo Paris 1855

Missing picture

Now we come to the collection of Canada, which occupies an area of about 2,510 square metres; and the visitor will notice that it contains all the materials of the country it represents, raw or manufactured, and shows a complete picture of the natural resources and civilisation of Canada. On the north side are mineral productions, consisting of iron ore, a large aerolith, and copper ores. There is also native gold in dust, worth from 10,000 to 12,000 francs, slates and mineral productions such as those used in building, lithographic stone, and colours, minerals, etc. Nearby there is a very fine collection of cereals. The samples are arranged in two rows and consist of a fairly large quantity of grain. There are thirteen samples of wheat; 23 different kinds of peas and several other kinds of seeds as well as flour; samples of maple sugar and maple syrup, and other kinds of refined sugars. On the same counter an exhibitor, Mr. Shepherd, shows over one hundred varieties of flower seeds, and Miss Shepherd exhibits watercolours of apples, plums, melons, vegetables, etc., of great likeness. There are also wax models of fruits and vegetables. In addition to foodstuffs, there are samples of whale, seal, shark and cod oils, etc.

A collection of blocks of the great trees of the Canadian forests comes next and leads us to the trade woods, of which there is a trophy in the middle of the square which is 15 metres high, and consists of three floors, with a spiral staircase inside.

From the highest floor, one has an extensive view of the interior of the building. At the base of the trophy are two surprisingly cheap mechanically made doors. Several models of ships and steamships surround this trophy of the remains of the ancient forests. At the top is a beaver, which is the crest of the Canadian coat of arms. On the north side, the visitor will notice a model of the Victoria Bridge, which is a viaduct of the Grand Trunk Railway, and is almost a league long. On the other side of the trophy are several other specimens of Canadian public works. There are still two four-wheeled carriages, very light and elegant, and two fire pumps. The Canadians are renowned for the construction of life-saving objects. In their exhibit are sharp instruments, a sewing machine, and furniture. Against the wall, next to the river, are several drawings of cities and public buildings and photographs of remarkable character. A fine collection of more than 300 stuffed birds and animals from Canada catches the eye.

Among the samples of leather, there are some made of porpoise skin, of a very superior quality, and which seem to be a particular product of Canada. There are also furs, shoes, harnesses, saddlery, soaps, chemicals, dye wood, wax, etc.; preserved meats, samples of bookbinding, typography, etc.

The last box contains Indian dresses and objects made by the natives, which consist of mats, boxes, cigar holders, made of birch bark, embroidered with the hair of the American elk; porcupine stings, and the products of various industries in which the Indians are very skilful, their system of applying certain colours being as yet unknown to the other inhabitants of the country. And finally there are several agricultural implements.

On leaving the Canadian compartment, the visitor finds a collection of models of architectural work, exhibited by the Minister of Public Works in France. Amongst others, the model of the Napoleon bridge, built on the Seine, at Bercy, for the ring railway; that of the Arcole bridge near the Hôtel-de-Ville, and that of the Asnières bridge on the Versailles railway. In addition, the model of the very-hard viaduct over the Rance (Côte-d'Or), and another of the Roquefavour aqueduct, leading the waters of the Durance to Marseille; opposite is the model of the scaffolding established for the construction of this same aqueduct.

©Promenades dans l'exposition de 1855