International Exposition of Zaragoza 2008 - Expo 2008

Water and sustainable development

June 14, 2008 - September 14, 2008


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Pakistan

Pakistan at the Exhibition Expo Zaragoza 2008

© Philippe Lemaire

Pakistan, a country of more than 160 million inhabitants, lives to a large extent from agriculture, to which 60% of the population is devoted and which accounts for approximately 21% of the gross domestic product. Its government has set to work to tackle the shortage of water resources, and has focused on the introduction of drip irrigation systems, which are gradually replacing the flooding system, a major consumer of water. The country has successfully developed various local drip irrigation programmes that have resulted in high agricultural yields. With this method, water reaches the roots directly and little is lost through evaporation or infiltration. In addition, Pakistan has pioneered the adoption of 'zero tillage' in South Asian rice and wheat production systems. Farmers use 'zero tillage' seeders that place the wheat seed on the land without ploughing and only with the passage of a tractor. The plant emerges between the residues of the previous monsoon rice crop, thus maintaining or improving the natural soil structure, the organism's network and water catchment and retention capacity. His pavilion provides a clearer picture of this work.

© Exposicion International Zaragoza 2008