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Mineral Waters - Expo Paris 1878

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The mineral water pavilion is curious from two points of view. Those who, for the purpose of scientific study, wish to become aware of the mineral wealth of France, will find here a complete collection and can obtain the notices free of charge.

The simple layman who is moved only by a feeling of curiosity sees all his desires fulfilled; a counter held by ladies is installed in the middle of the pavilion; say a word, and you are immediately served, for a very small fee, a glass of any mineral water.

All the springs of France have insisted on appearing at the Exhibition. Here is the list in alphabetical order:

Allevard , a most picturesque site, situated in the Isère, in the Dauphine Alps, at a height of 475 metres; - its sulphurous and iodinated waters are excellent for chest ailments, asthma, laryngitis, bronchitis, voice extinctions, etc.

Aulus-les-Bains, in the Ariege, at the foot of the Pyrenees, is sovereign against stomach, intestinal and liver diseases, against gravel; it is laxative, diuretic and depurative.

Balaruc-les-Bains, near Cette, is suitable for paralysis, rheumatic conditions, and indisposition resulting from old injuries.

Baréges, in the Hautes-Pyrénées, near the Spanish border - another attractive site, - at 1,232 metres above sea level - cures nervous and rheumatic affections, and particularly blood vices.

La Bauche (Savoie). - Ferruginous water, applied to chronic diseases to which women are exposed. It is sovereign for stomach diseases, such as gastritis, gastralgia, cramps, laryngitis, anaemia, etc.

La Bourboule, - in the middle of the Auvergne. - arsenical source par excellence, eliminates intermittent fevers, strengthens debilitated or weakened temperaments, triumphs over skin diseases, rheumatism, neuralgia, angina, laryngitis and chronic bronchitis, diabetes and albu-minia, etc.

Bourbonne-les-Bains, - in the Haute-Marne. - Its strong chloride-sodium waters combat muscular, articular and knotty rheumatism, neuralgia, lesions of the bone system and lymphatism.

Brides-les-Bains, - in Savoy, near Chambéry. - Its waters cure chlorosis, leucorrhoea, and especially obesity.

The waters of Salins-Moutiers, close to Brides-les-Bains, are particularly applicable to skin diseases, bone diseases, caries, osteitis, necrosis, rickets, ganglion scrofula, bone or visceral scrofula, etc., etc.

Bussan, - in the Vosges. - Carbonated, alkaline, ferruginous, lithined water for affections of the nervous system, digestive and urinary tracts.

Capvern, - in the Hautes-Pyrénées. - Sulphated and ferruginous water for diseases of the intestines, liver, spleen, etc., gravel, gout, hepatic colic.

Cauterets. - A delightful site in the Pyrenees near Lourdes, has an old fortress of Roman origin. - Its sulphurous waters triumph mainly in rheumatism, scrofulous affections, uterine catharsis, various skin diseases, respiratory tract diseases, etc.

Chateldon, - in the Puy-de-Dôme. - Its waters, of a very fortifying composition, increase the energy of vital functions; they are suitable in all cases of weakness.

Contrexeville, - in the Vosges, - Its waters, very famous, cure gravel, liver diseases, gout, etc.

Saint-Christau, - in the Basses-Pyrénées, Aspe valley; - cures chlorosis, uterine affections, affections of the nasal cavities, chronic ophthalmia, etc.

Dolaincourt, - in the Vosges. - Its waters, very alkaline, are precious in cases of granular pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, eczema, gravel, etc.

Greoulx, - in the Basses-Alpes. - Its waters, already known and appreciated by the Romans, find their main use in Darterous, syphilitic and scrofulous affections; they cure cold abscesses; they are applied to gout, neurosis, phthisis, asthma and catarrh, bladder affections, etc.

Guillon-les-bains. - In the Doubs. - Its waters are excellent for bronchial tubes, bladder, gravel, skin diseases and all women's diseases.

Maléon, - in the Ardèche. - Its water, the natural French seltzer, brings back the digestive forces, is excellent against chest diseases, scurvy, etc.

Luchon, - in the Pyrenees. - Its waters, very sulphurous, are sovereign for skin diseases, lymphatism, affections of the respiratory tract, catarrh of the bladder, rheumatism, nerves, scrofula, etc.

Mont-Cornadore, in the Puy-de-Dôme. Its waters are mainly suitable for women's and children's illnesses; they combat anaemia, lymphatism, scrofula diathesis, gout, etc.

Mont-Dore, - in the Puy-de-Dôme, - its waters, which were already famous under the Roman emperors, are excellent against bronchitis, laryngitis and chest ailments.

Montmirail, near Vacqueiras, - in the Vaucluse. - Its waters (green water, purgative; sulphurous water, depurative; ferruginous water, tonic) are prevalent against obesity, apoplexy, diseases of the skin, throat, chest, urinary tract, corruption of the blood, chlorosis, anaemia, consumption, etc.

La Motte-les-Bains , - in the Isère. Its waters are used in uterine affections, rheumatism, gout, nervous centre diseases, lymphatism, scrofula, disarticulation or bone diseases, obesity, constitutional syphilis.

Orezza, - in Corsica. - Its acidic ferruginous waters are excellent against intermittent fevers, anaemic, chlorotic states, pale colours, weakness, neuralgia, etc.

Plombières-les-Bains, - in the Vosges. Very famous resort, very effective waters against digestive, gastric and intestinal diseases, rheumatism, chlorosis, fevers, etc.

Rieumajou, in the Hérault. - The mineral water from this spring is carbonated, alkaline, ferruginous, tonic, aperitive, and restorative.

Royat, - in the Auvergne. - Special waters for the treatment of chronic rheumatism, gout, gravel, skin diseases, and all affections deriving from arthritis.

Saint-Sauveur, - in the Hautes-Pyrénées. - Special waters in cases of catarrhs, inflammations, puberty accidents or after childbirth; they combat sterility and all nervous affections.

Salies-de-Béarn. - Special waters for lymphatism, chlorosis and its consequences.

Uriage, - one of the most delightful sites in the Isère, halfway to La Salette. - Its waters are special for skin diseases, because of their depurative and fortifying nature.

Vals, - in the Ardèche. - Its waters combat liver congestion, liver stones, gravel, dyspepsia, etc.

It is obvious that no country is as richly endowed as France in terms of mineral springs.

The exhibition of these waters and their tasting made possible to the public attracted a great number of visitors. People took the waters while visiting the Exhibition, it was a double pleasure.

Let us add this detail:
The blue colour in flat tint designates the bi-carbonate variety; with horizontal hatching, the silicate variety.
The green colour, flat tint: sodic variety; with hatching, calcic variety.
The bistre or ochre colours, flat tints: carbonated waters; with hatching, crenated waters.
The red colour, flat tint: chlorinated waters; with horizontal hatching, sulphated; with vertical hatching, carbonated.
Orange, flat colour: simple carbonated waters; with horizontal hatching, alkaline carbonated waters.

©Les Merveilles de l'Exposition de 1878