The equipment and processes of the spinning mill were followed by those of dyeing and printing of all kinds. It is with the help of these beautiful copper rollers that fabrics are printed; these are used to print postage stamps, and here are the machines with which all these cylinders are engraved: some with the wheel, others by guilloche, others with the pantograph, etc., because the processes are varied. This elegant little machine, which looks more like a physics apparatus than an industrial tool, reproduces on four steel plates and at four different scales the engraved plate that was given to it as a model; it is powered by electricity. Here are the machines used for printing wallpaper, a fine industry that has made much progress; there, those used for printing par excellence: typographic printing, intaglio printing, lithographic printing.
Among the former is the compositor of Mr. Flamm, which is based on a completely new principle; the latter show us the solution, so long sought after, of the mechanical printing of lithographic stones: this solution has put the invention of Senefelder in a position to compete, for the cheapness of the products, with that of the immortal Gutenberg. This is the machine that prints railway tickets; here are the instruments now adopted by commerce and industry for the automatic stamping and numbering of registers, shares, bills, letters, etc. Finally, here is the much more recent machine with the help of which anyone can, at a moment's notice, have his visiting card printed; an invention which can be of real service at a moment's notice, but whose products cannot compete, in terms of elegance, with those of engraving.
Typography and stationery are sisters. It is here that you can study the material of paper making. Once the paper is made, it is with the help of these numerous devices that it is shaped, prepared, embossed, adjusted, folded and cut, and there is a powerful knife that descends obliquely, cutting several superimposed reams at once, as clearly and as easily as the archal wire of the dairy cuts a lump of butter.
©L'Exposition Universelle de 1867 Illustrée