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German Quarter - Expo Paris 1867

German Quarter à l'exposition de Expo Paris 1867

We gave the Belgian quarter after the French quarter: we are now giving the German quarter, while waiting for the English quarter. To describe a portion of the Park, with all the various and often disparate establishments that encumber it, we must use the same procedure as to describe one of the transverse streets of the Palace, with the products of different nature and of different matter that border it, in a word, to do as the bee does in a whole flowerbed, touching each flower.

The German quarter is perhaps the most crowded part of the Park. There is a little of every country, minus England. The Orient itself is represented here, not by the Russian tents, but by a Prussian pavilion destined for I don't know which emir of the Idumea. This oriental dwelling, imported from the banks of the Mein, is a rectilinear fantasy, according to the formula. It charms the eye, but leaves it cold. We drew this too deliberate fantasy in one of our previous issues: it has a small lake in front of it, and a well-enamelled lawn, which contributes singularly to the pleasantness of its appearance.

If you want us to take the Prussian oriental pavilion as the central point of our description, here is what we find in the vicinity: turned towards the Palace, the Austrian village, described by us on a general drawing, is close by on our left. This village consists of a brewery in the centre, a wooden building very well laid out, where the waiters of the establishment do not speak French, and where the counter girls learn our language. Around the brewery are various tastefully decorated houses representing the domestic architecture of various provinces of the Austrian Empire. Next to this group is the Württemberg annex, which bears on one of its sides the relief painting about which our collaborator Mr. Simonin has described the wonders of the antediluvian world. The interior of this building is used for the manufacture of wood paper: these Germans have no doubts! Further on, behind us, is the marvellous exhibition of Austrian woods, which M. de La Blanchère also told you about. From there, going up the main avenue towards the Military School, we meet on the right the exhibition of the Northern departments, the garden equipment of the Ménagère, the Travel Bazaar with its tents, the grills and trellises of M. Thiry, and finally, the School of Royal Saxony; on the left, the exhibition of agricultural material of Prussia and North Germany (it is all one), followed by the office of the same confederation, the whole protected, in the vanguard, by the statue of King William of Prussia, on the great alley of Belgium. But, continuing our route along the circular path towards the Military School, we have opposite, next to the Docks of the camp, the offices of the customs handling, where our respectable friend Moréno-Henriquès is enthroned, in the midst of the agricultural and other exhibits that surround him, and having next to it the annex of class 91 which he watches with a father's eye.

We have thus arrived at the door of the Military School. We have before us the great Belgian avenue which leads to the main axis of the Palace, cut in the middle by a corrugated iron roof which overhangs it in all its width, that is to say with an opening of 18.60 metres.

On the German side of this aisle, the Bavarian Fine Arts annex, which contains the magnificent box by M. de Kaulbach, the Reformation, and the Belgian Machinery and Equipment annex are located. We have already mentioned the offices of the German Confederation and the statue of the King of Prussia, which are also located here.

If, from the door of the Military School, we follow the street parallel to the Avenue Lamothe-Piquet, after the annex of class 91 of which we have spoken, we find the large workers' restaurant, of which we have more than once spoken to our readers, and further on, in the same line, the sheds of the gas works and those of the water works.

Here we are at the corner of Avenue Lamothe-Piquet and Avenue Suffren. Following the path parallel to the latter avenue, we see the agricultural annex of Spain, whose rich and severe architecture Mr. Léon Plée has described to you, and further on the elegant Manoëlian palace which serves as an annex to Portugal. Right against the avenue, the sheds that serve as a shelter for French agricultural and food machines stretch out.

This brings us to the Swiss Fine Arts Annex, which has been the subject of a detailed study for us. If we turn our gaze to the right, our eyes take in the various Norwegian, Swedish and Danish buildings, which our readers should also remember.

Further on, in the narrow space between the avenue and the outline of the Palace, are the various Russian buildings, to which we do not think it necessary to return.

In this rapid tour of the German quarter, we have neglected to mention a few establishments that are very interesting in various ways, such as the Prussian primary school, on which we would do well to model ourselves, the home for the insane, which M. Jules Duval gave you such a moving description, the Austrian stud farm in the Austrian village, the Bohemian workers' home, which is not visited as much as it deserves to be, and finally the establishment of bathing apparatus, where the science of bathing is demonstrated with supporting documents. I do not know how an equestrian statue of Don Pedro IV, King of Portugal and first constitutional emperor of Brazil, got lost there, if not to match the Manoëlian palace.

Mr. Ciceri is a more precise and striking topographical indicator with his pencil than I can be with my pen. It is therefore to him that I refer you, dear readers, content to have put a label on each of the establishments that he has represented so well and so faithfully.

I told you at the time about the bells exhibited in the German quarter, on the edge of an alley, and which each walker shook as he passed. These bells are still there: but they have been chained up, to the great relief of those who were annoyed by their perpetual noise.

Note, moreover, that since they are no longer shaken, the German quarter is much more frequented, especially the Viennese brewery.

©L'Exposition Universelle de 1867 Illustrée